Note: In some cases, the permissions that you request through
<uses-permission> can affect how your application is filtered by Google Play.
If you request a hardware-related permission —
CAMERA, for example — Google Play assumes that your application requires the underlying hardware feature and filters the application from devices that do not offer it.
To control filtering, always explicitly declare hardware features in
<uses-feature> elements, rather than relying on Google Play to “discover” the requirements in
<uses-permission> elements. Then, if you want to disable filtering for a particular feature, you can add a
android:required="false" attribute to the
For a list of permissions that imply hardware features, see the documentation for the
<manifest>description:Specifies a system permission that the user must grant in order for the app to operate correctly. Permissions are granted by the user when the application is installed (on devices running Android 5.1 and lower) or while the app is running (on devices running Android 6.0 and higher).
For more information on permissions, see the Permissions section in the introduction and the separate System Permissions API guide. A list of permissions defined by the base platform can be found at
android:nameThe name of the permission. It can be a permission defined by the application with the
<permission> element, a permission defined by another application, or one of the standard system permissions (such as
"android.permission.READ_CONTACTS"). As these examples show, a permission name typically includes the package name as a prefix.
android:maxSdkVersionThe highest API level at which this permission should be granted to your app. Setting this attribute is useful if the permission your app requires is no longer needed beginning at a certain API level.
For example, beginning with Android 4.4 (API level 19), it’s no longer necessary for your app to request the
WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission when your app wants to write to its own application-specific directories on external storage (the directories provided by
getExternalFilesDir()). However, the permission is required for API level 18 and lower. So you can declare that this permission is needed only up to API level 18 with a declaration such as this:
This way, beginning with API level 19, the system will no longer grant your app the
This attribute was added in API level 19.introduced in:API Level 1see also: